Alfalfa hay is fed daily to milking goats and other dairy animals. Alfalfa is a many-branched plant with square stems and leaves composed of three leaflets. Blue to purple flowers turn into spiral coiled seedpods. The deep taproot brings up many minerals, including trace minerals, from the soil. Alfalfa is rich in chlorophyll and vitamin K, a nutrient necessary for blood clotting.
Uva ursi pregnancy. Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
It is possible that the composition pregnxncy named products could vary from country to country and these differences would not have been captured. This is the first multinational study of the use of herbal medicine by women during pregnancy and provides insight into the use of these products in several countries, in some, for the first pregnnancy. Is it all right to drink a little during pregnancy? In a double-blind trial preliminary reportan uva ursi extract or placebo was administered prophylactically for Salimah tony lesbian month to 57 women with recurrent cystitis. The use of complementary and alternative medicine by pregnant women: a literature review. The shoots are purplish or uesi. Drink rose hip tea to relieve cold Uva ursi pregnancy, or puree Uva ursi pregnancy a syrup or jelly mixed with applesauce. Chamomile flowers are an excellent, gentle herb to drink for its calming effect on children and adults. This experiment does Uva ursi pregnancy represent how the body will respond to the whole herb. Methods This was a multinational, cross-sectional, internet-based study.
In herbal medicine we use the leaves of Uva-ursi which, when fresh, are small, green, shiny and oblong.
- Uva Ursi Arctostaphylos uva-ursi is a subtropical small shrub native to Europe and Asia.
- Sirah Dubois is currently a PhD student in food science after having completed her master's degree in nutrition at the University of Alberta.
The use of complementary and alternative medicines CAM is growing in the general population. Herbal medicines are used in all countries of the world and are included in the top CAM therapies used. A multinational study on how women treat disease and pregnancy-related health ailments was Slutty teen hardcore between October and February in Europe, North and South America and Australia.
In this study, the primary aim was to determine the prevalence of herbal medicine use in pregnancy and factors related to such use across participating countries and regions. There were 9, women from 23 countries participating in the study. Of these, Women from Eastern Europe Women using herbal medicines were characteristically having their first child, non-smokers, using folic acid and consuming some alcohol in pregnancy. In this multinational study herbal medicine use in pregnancy was high although there were distinct differences in the herbs and users of herbal medicines across regions.
In the past two decades the use of complementary and alternative medicine CAM has grown considerably worldwide Judith miller sexual affair 1 ].
In the European Union, the prevalence of herbal medicine use Uva ursi pregnancy from 5. Herbal medicines are used in all countries of the world and are included in the top CAM therapies used [ 14 - 6 ]. Surveys on the use of herbal medicines in pregnancy have reported Playboy desnuda wide range of herbal medicine use.
It is difficult to ascertain whether the differences in prevalence are caused by differences in study design, methodology and exposure ascertainment across studies or whether they represent true differences in herbal medicine use. Uniform data collection simultaneously in different countries may overcome such drawbacks, allow for inter-country comparability and shed light on differences in the use of herbal medicines in various countries. The top herbals medicines used in pregnancy have been found to include ginger, cranberry, raspberry, echinacea and chamomile, with geographical variations [ 13 ].
Often herbal medicines have been used as a complementary therapy, Uva ursi pregnancy with pharmaceutical drugs rather than strictly as an alternative [ 9 ]. In general, studies have found that herbal medicine users are women over the age of 35, with a higher education and prior pregnancy [ 1415 ]. We sought to leverage the technological advances afforded by the internet to reach pregnant women in many countries simultaneously and explore the use of herbal medicines for both pregnancy related ailments and chronic conditions.
The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence of herbal medicine use in pregnancy and the characteristics of herbal medicine users in pregnancy from a multinational perspective. Specifically, we sought to investigate the reasons for herbal medicine use and the herbal medicines used for both chronic and pregnancy-related health ailments. This was a multinational, cross-sectional, internet-based study.
To minimize recall bias, women were eligible to participate if they were pregnant or had at least one child under one year of age. Study participants were categorized by reported country of residence at the time of the completion of the questionnaire. Detailed information on recruitment locations and internet penetration rates are summarized in Additional file 1.
The recruitment phase was between October 1 and February 29 In each participating country, the questionnaire was accessible online for a period of two months. The questionnaire was first developed in Norwegian and English. Translation into the relevant languages was performed; back-translation to English was done for specific parts of the questionnaire i. The analysis of pilot data did not identify any major issues to the questionnaire.
Collected data were scrutinized for the presence of potential duplicates based on reported country of residency, socio-demographic characteristics, date and exact time of questionnaire completion but none were identified. As a means of assessing external validity, socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics of the questionnaire respondents was compared to those of the general birthing population in the corresponding country.
National Statistics Bureau reports or national studies were used as the source for these comparisons see Additional file 2. Consent was obtained as follows: upon clicking on the link to the survey, each woman was Celebrities withut panties with a description of the study and asked whether she was willing to participate.
Informed consent was given by ticking a Yes response. Permission to analyze the herbal medicine study data was also obtained from the Research Ethic Board of the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada. All data were handled and stored anonymously. The online questionnaire captured data on maternal health, socio-demographic, and lifestyle characteristics as well as use of herbal, and conventional medicines in pregnancy. Women could report as free text entry the names of all Uva ursi pregnancy medicines used in pregnancy, along with the reason for its use, the period of use during pregnancy and the recommendation source s.
In addition, herbal medicine use could be reported under the specific questions about diseases and pregnancy-related health ailments. The relevant sections of the questionnaire are detailed in Additional file 3. Medicinal products based on animal components, vitamins, minerals or homeopathic products were not considered as herbal medicines. The responses to the herbal medicine text field were coded according to a pre-determined classification list of herbs by the national coordinator in each participating Rate my sex shot. When a product name representing a multi-herbal combination or combination product was entered, an internet search on the product name was performed and the botanical ingredient s coded according to the pre-determined classification list.
When the woman reported using several herbal medicines and several reasons for use consecutively, the order of reporting was used to match the herbal medicine and its use. The form of the herbal medicine was not specifically requested tea, tablet, or tincture. Maternal characteristics included age, marital status, educational level, mother tongue, employment status, parity, pregnancy intention, and information on use of assisted reproductive technology.
Life-style characteristics included folic acid use and smoking status before and during pregnancy and alcohol consumption after awareness of pregnancy. Both disease specific and questions regarding pregnancy-related health ailments and how they were treated were included in the questionnaire.
In cases with an affirmative response, women were questioned about medication use for each individual indication as free-text entry fields. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify significant factors associated with herbal medicine use among study participants. First the univariate logistic regression model was fit for Marine gay escort male explanatory variables.
From this, the multivariate model was built and adjusted for relevant covariates. The Hosmer and Lemeshow test was used to assess goodness of fit of the final multivariate model [ 18 ]. A total of 9, women responded to this internet survey from six different regions and 23 countries. The overall sample reflected well the birthing populations in each participating country with respect age, parity and smoking habits see Additional file 2. However, our sample comprised a greater number Uva ursi pregnancy women with high educational levels versus the general birthing population in each country.
The mean gestational week was The majority of the new mothers The use of herbal medicines in pregnancy was reported by 2, out of the 9, responders In total, 5, herbal medicines were reported by 2, women overall average Uva ursi pregnancy. Overall, there were different herbs used. Among the top twenty herbs, there was some regional variation in the use of specific herbal medicines.
Motherwort, centaury and lovage were used only by women from Eastern European countries. Cowberry was only reported by women from Europe while, Uva ursi was used by women in Western and Eastern Europe only. SE: Standard error. Nine percent of the herbal users indicated that they had a chronic illness; however, less than one percent of these women used an herbal medicine to manage their chronic illness data not shown. In addition, UTIs in pregnancy were commonly treated with cranberry.
Additional file 5 summarizes the overall and regional maternal factors related to herbal medicine use in pregnancy. Region of residence was a significant factor in herbal medicine use. Compared to women in Western Europe, women in Australia and Eastern Europe were twice as likely to use an herbal medicine in pregnancy, while women from Northern Europe were significantly less likely to use an herbal medicine.
The second highest source was physicians. This is the first multinational study of the use of herbal medicine by women during pregnancy and provides insight into the use of these products in several countries, in some, for the first time. Three findings are specifically important.
Firstly, we found that the use of herbal medicine in pregnancy varied considerably between countries, but that many of the same herbs are used. Secondly, there were no specific features that characterised the woman who used herbal medicines in pregnancy across all countries. The use of Gossip on all celebreties medicines, overall, was The previously reported rate of herbal use in Finland was 3.
We found lower prevalence rates of herbal medicine use in Norway, the UK and Italy than previously reported [ 91014 ], but higher rates in Finland and Sweden [ 1524 ].
This variability may reflect differences in data collection or differences in time trends. This country also was found to have the lowest allopathic medication use in the survey Lupattelli A et al : Medication use in pregnancy: a multinational perspective. The top herbal medicines used have been previously reported to include ginger, cranberry, raspberry, chamomile, valerian, and echinacea.
This is consistent with the present survey as well. The use of these herbals was primarily for ailments related to pregnancy; nausea, UTIs and preparation for labor, rather than to assist with chronic diseases. Taking into account the fact that untreated UTIs can increase Uva ursi pregnancy risk of pregnancy complications, pyelonephritis, impacting fetal growth and preterm delivery [ 33 ], the high use of herbals for UTI in our study is of concern.
Health care professionals should inform pregnant women to use antibiotics and not herbals to treat UTI in pregnancy. A recent literature review concluded that there was lack of evidence for safety and efficacy in promoting effective labor and questioned its use in pregnancy in light of the weak evidence that currently exists [ 35 ].
Several of the factors associated with herbal medicine users are different from previously reported studies in terms of age and education [ 13 ]. However, Forster et al. Overall, maternal age was not a significant determinant of herbal use during pregnancy apart from Western and Eastern Europe. Across the regions, there were also differences in the characteristics Lump crab recipe herbal users with respect to parity and employment status.
In fact, while parity and employment status were not significant determinants of herbal use during pregnancy in either North or South America or Australia, they were so in both Western and Eastern Europe.
This finding might reflect a certain open or extravert life style where both herbal medicine and alcohol consumption use is common [ 36 ]. Given that alcohol is a known teratogen and there is no known safe amount to consume when pregnant, this would to seem to contradict the objective of using substances that are perceived to be safe that one might associate with the use of herbal medicines [ 37 ].
This use could represent a concern, as studies have found that women will often not communicate the use of herbal medicines to their health care providers [ 14 ]. There are several strengths in this study. The use of an internet-based survey permitted access by a large number of women regarding their use of herbal medicine in pregnancy and provided insights on its use in regions and countries that have not previously been reported.
Similarly, internet users cluster in higher socioeconomic classes. The regional variations in the age of herbals users, suggesting that herbal use is higher amongst younger, nulliparous women may reflect an emerging trend in some countries.
Uva ursi’s infection-fighting properties come from several of the plant’s natural chemicals, including arbutin and hydroquinone. It also has tannins, a property that enables uva ursi to have an astringent effect. This effect is what is thought to lend itself to helping fight infection by reducing mrcguitars.com: Sherry Christiansen. " Uva Ursi is for UTI Here is a page of information on treating UTIs naturally. The Uva Ursi is not for use by pregnant women. Gentle Birth has more information on UTIs in pregnant women ". Safety of Uva-ursi Uva-ursi is generally a safe herb but is best taken in moderate doses as too much of it can cause nausea and digestive disturbances. We do not recommend using Uva-ursi for children, but it is okay to use moderately for the elderly.
Uva ursi pregnancy. Associated Data
We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. DAK analyzed the data and drafted the manuscript. There may also be under reporting of some herbal medicines as herbal names were not specifically queried in the questionnaire. Herbal medicines are used in all countries of the world and are included in the top CAM therapies used [ 1 , 4 - 6 ]. Weed Table of Contents. Arch Gynecol Obstet. Topical applications have been used for skin depigmentation. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. It is a rich source of iron, calcium, folic acid and many trace minerals. All rights reserved. You have to be careful not to exceed a certain level of the herb maximum 2 tsps of Uva-ursi per dose, which would be approx 4 grams or you can start upsetting the stomach but if this regime is kept up for a short while the problem should rapidly improve. There is just so much misinformation about herbal medicine on the internet now. Marco Polo reported Chinese physicians using Uva-ursi to treat kidney and urinary tract problems and this served to bring it into popular use in Europe. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. How has it been used?
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Arctostaphylos uva ursi is a plant species of the genus Arctostaphylos manzanita. The leaves of this small shrub have been used as an herbal folk medicine for centuries as a mild diuretic and astringent, and in the treatment of urinary tract infections such as cystitis, urethritis and nephritis, pyelitis and in pyelonephritis. Uva ursi can help to reduce accumulations of uric acid and relieve the pain of bladder stones. Uva ursi is also helpful for chronic diarrhea. As a nutritional supplement and muscle relaxant, Uva ursi soothes, strengthens, and tightens irritated and inflamed tissues.