During the Renaissance, Swiss mercenary soldiers were considered among the best in Europe. Pope Julius outfitted his new guard in yellow and blue, the Rovere family colors. His successor, Pope Leo X — , added red to the uniforms to make red, yellow and blue, the colors of his own family, the Medici of Florence. Originally the Swiss Guard wore various types of head gear. Wide brimmed hats, as well as padded leather caps and metal helmets, have been depicted in period art.
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